Future Skills 2016-10-28T16:26:17+00:00

Which skills will give students the best chance of being successful and carving out the future they want, in light of the ways technological innovation is disrupting work?

There are many studies about the skills needed, and while they use different terms, you’ll see the same skills highlighted again and again:

future critical skills slide

The Global Achievement Gap – 7 Survival Skills (by Tony Wagner)

CRITICAL THINKING AND PROBLEM SOLVING

the-global-achievement-gap book cover“The idea that a company’s senior leaders have all the answers and can solve problems by themselves has gone completely by the wayside…The person who’s close to the work has to have strong analytic skills. You have to be rigorous: test your assumptions, don’t take things at face value, don’t go in with preconceived ideas that you’re trying to prove.”—Ellen Kumata, consultant to Fortune 200 companies

COLLABORATION ACROSS NETWORKS AND LEADING BY INFLUENCE

“The biggest problem we have in the company as a whole is finding people capable of exerting leadership across the board…Our mantra is that you lead by influence, rather than authority.”—Mark Chandler, Senior Vice President and General Counsel at Cisco

AGILITY AND ADAPTABILITY

“I’ve been here four years, and we’ve done fundamental reorganization every year because of changes in the business…I can guarantee the job I hire someone to do will change or may not exist in the future, so this is why adaptability and learning skills are more important than technical skills.”—Clay Parker, President of Chemical Management Division of BOC Edwards

INITIATIVE AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP

“For our production and crafts staff, the hourly workers, we need self-directed people…who can find creative solutions to some very tough, challenging problems.”—Mark Maddox, Human Resources Manager at Unilever Foods North America

EFFECTIVE ORAL AND WRITTEN COMMUNICATION

“The biggest skill people are missing is the ability to communicate: both written and oral presentations. It’s a huge problem for us.” —Annmarie Neal, Vice President for Talent Management at Cisco Systems

ACCESSING AND ANALYZING INFORMATION

“There is so much information available that it is almost too much, and if people aren’t prepared to process the information effectively, it almost freezes them in their steps.” —Mike Summers, Vice President for Global Talent Management at Dell

CURIOSITY AND IMAGINATION

“Our old idea is that work is defined by employers and that employees have to do whatever the employer wants…but actually, you would like him to come up with an interpretation that you like—he’s adding something personal—a creative element.”
—Michael Jung, Senior Consultant at McKinsey and Company

Explore More

The Second Machine Age Chapter 12 (book by Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee) The Second Machine Age book cover
pinpoints three areas where humans have an advantage over technology (for now, they caution):

  • Ideation – coming up with new ideas or concepts
  • large-frame pattern recognition – software only recognizes patterns within its programmed frame of reference, but humans can find inspiration in one domain and apply it to a completely different situation
  • complex forms of communication

Most Likely To Succeed (book and film by Tony Wagner and Ted Dintersmith):

  • Creativity/Ideationmost likely to succeed book cover
  • Critical Thinking/Problem Solving
  • Complex Communications (written, verbal)
  • Collaboration/Teamwork

The Partnership for 21st Century Learning:

  • 4C’s  – Critical Thinking, Creativity, Communication, Collaboration
  • Life/Career Skills
  • Technology/media/information skills
  • Key Subjects – 3 Rs and 21st Century Themes

p21-framework